Wednesday, July 8, 2020
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Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The Hunger Games is a fantastic science fiction novel by the great and renowned American writer Suzanne Collins. This book is written in the voice of sixteen year-old Katniss Everdeen, who lives in the nation of Panem in North America. The Capitol is considered as the highly advanced metropolis as because this capitol exercises political control on rest of the nation. The Hunger Games in the book is the annual event in which one boy and one girl aged twelve to eighteen from each of the 12 districts that surrounds the Capitol are selected by lottery so that they can compete in a televised battle to the death. Collins has successfully created a brilliant dystopian world that gives a treat to the readers. Reading the book provides concise asÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, her life as a tribute becomes more complicated by the other tribute from districts twelve. Peeta Mellark who is the son of baker that Katniss owes a favor to because of his kindness that he showed her when she was in need and was most desperate and her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s survival was at stake. However, Katniss knows that then her survival would mean his death. In order to get involved in the ceremony Katniss is whisked away from loved one, her family and Gale who is her best friend and hunting partner. Katniss is being prepped and primped for participating in the Games. She and Peeta are to be mentored by Haymitch who is very reluctant and regarded as the inadequate mentor, so finally Katniss realizes that she must rely on her own abilities and strengths for survival. The book Hunger Games is very appealing and compelling to the readers and makes the reader curious as they want to read the next book immediately to find out what has happened to Katniss and Peeta. The novel has very appealing themes as it talks about the issues that are tacklesÃ¢â¬ such as the utter penury, oppression, starvation and the other effects of war among the people as they are being forced to participate in the games that are meant for entertainment and are deadly in nature. The novel deals with the struggle for the self-preservationShow MoreRelatedThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins3246 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesStudy Unit The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins and Steven GallowayÃ¢â¬â¢s The Cellist of Sarajevo demonstrates the way in which people are affected by war, and a brutal dictatorship. The authors illustrates the main purpose for writing their novel through the use of imagery, characterization, foreshadowing, flashback, similes, and symbolism. Suzanne Collins and Steven Galloway use imagery and characterization to vividly describe the effects and outcomes of war and dictatorship. Suzanne Collins portrays,Read MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe movie or the book the Hunger Games came out with a bang when it first hit theaters or the shelves of the bookstores. It was dubbed as one of the best films or books to read, interestingly enough it was a remake of the stories or myths most people heard when they were younger, but modernized and turned into a collage of all the best roman and Greek stories. Suzanne Collins brilliantly combined the Greek and Roman influences to make the movie/book unforgettable. By using stories from the romansRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collin899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Suzanne CollinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Hunger GamesÃ¢â¬ seems to be about a dystopian society struggle to become a utopia. However, when the readers read further in to the book or watches the movie one can see that is about all the characters that make use human. As human, we feel the need to build an ethical framework based on our needs for authority rather than tradition. The Capitol in the Hunger Games exploits human needs to keep authority in place. After rising seas and poverty consumed much of the land, the CapitolRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins1419 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesemotional atmosphere within a dystopian state, there exists an absence of feeling which competes for dominance. Suzanne CollinsÃ¢â¬â¢ demonstrates this competing apathetic mood in her novel, The Hunger Games, through the citizens of the divided dystopia of Panem. This essay will analyze the origins and influence of apathy on a people and an individual, in both a political and personal sense. CollinsÃ¢â¬â¢ main argument, that citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ facing governmental oppression can either become compliant with apathy, or, insteadRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins854 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn a place where poverty is prevalent and a country is ruled b y a tyrannical dictator is it possible for an individual to trust others when their own life is always at stake? In the book The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins, the main character Katniss Everdeen is a survivor. In the novel she is put into an arena to compete against twenty-three other tributes to the death. This is not the only time during which she has to fend for herself; at home she had to care for her family and keep them aliveRead MoreThe Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins710 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The hunger gamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ is a novel written by Suzanne Collins, published in 2008. The genre of the book is thriller/survival, and is written over 27 chapters with 454 pages. In this analysis, I will tell you about how the main character Katniss changes through the novel, and tell you a little about the central characters that plays an important role for her. Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The Hunger GamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, is set in the future in the country Panem, and is about the sixteen-year-old girl, Katniss Everdeen. Panem is divided intoRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins is about a sixteen year old girl named Katniss and how she needs to fight for her life. The Hunger Games takes place in an arena in the Capitol of Panem. There are 24 tributes, two from each District. The games were created to punish the Twelve Districts for trying to create an uprising against the Capitol. Suzanne Collins book could be compared to the United States and how people obsess with the way they look, discrimination is still occurring, and how the governmentRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins3514 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesThe Hunger Games is a science fiction, dystopian post-apocalyptic series that takes place in a futuristic North American nation called Panem. The film series is based on the nov el series of the same title written by Suzanne Collins. Many who watch the films view them as an action-packed adventure series, but The Hunger Games, like many other dystopian films, feature social and political subjects that relate back to past and present culture. Dystopian films like the Hunger Games provide messages,Read MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy first text is The Hunger Games which is written by Suzanne Collins and it was written in September 14 2008; was set in the future, around the year 2087. My second text which is 1984, which is written by George Orwell and was written on Wednesday June 8 1949 and it was set in 1948. There are many themes in the book hunger games such as Ã¢â¬Ëthe inequality between rich and poorÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ësuffering as environmentÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëthe importance of appearancesÃ¢â¬â¢. In 1984 there is also many themes portrayed such as Ã¢â¬ËtheRead MoreThe Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins2436 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Hunger Games is a science fiction and adventure film, based on the novel written by Suzanne Collins, which explores concepts of Marxism and numerous aspects of its principles through the dystopian world of Panem. The Hunger Games follows Marxist theories on bourgeoisie and proletariat class structure as well as capitalist production and the distribution of good. Thelma and Louise, a 1991 film directed by Ridley Scott, is often referred to by critics as Ã¢â¬Å"the ultimate feminist filmÃ¢â¬ . This film
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Contribution of the Discoveries and Theories of Charles Darwin in the Nineteenth Century to the Decline of Religious Belief in the Twentieth Century In Victorian England, people wanted answers. Explanations for unusual natural events were becoming unbelievable in an increasingly educated time, and these religious and supernatural explanations were doubted by many. People needed a sensible explanation for life and mans existence. Charles Darwin provided a possible answer, and man was no longer an Adam created in Gods image, but descended from a simple single celled organism. But was Darwin responsible for the transition into a more atheistic society? Many would argue he was the main player inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These two birds became known as Darwins Finches. Darwin observed many other examples of evolution and change within species later in his career. Origin of the Species caused a huge rift in religious thinking. At first Darwin was ridiculed, but as people became more aware of his ideas they slowly began to accept them. This was partly because Darwins theory of evolution was very carefully thought out and had a great deal of research backing up the claims. It could not just be thought of as heretic ramblings due to the amount of data giving the theory weight. However, Victorian England was a very religious time, and there were many religious people who disagreed with his theories as it contradicted the creation theory. Bishop of Oxford, Wilberforce, was a man who was intent on the creation theory being the only possibility. There was a confrontation between a supporter of the Darwinian theories, Thomas Huxley, and the Bishop. The Bishop publicly announced that he was glad he knew he wasnt related to a monkey, to which Huxley replied, If I had to choose, I would prefer to be a descendant of a humble monkey rather than of a man who employs his knowledge and eloquence in misrepresenting those who are wearing out their lives in the search for
Question: Discuss abot theAviation Managementfor Air Algerie Cargo. Answer: Analysis It is important to consider proper strategies and consultation before one tries to start-up an organisation. Mission and Vision of Air Algerie Cargo Air Algerie cargo aims to enter into the market of China in order to increase the market base and gain higher profitability margins. The company intends to enter into the market by implementing pricing strategies that help to attract more customers towards the brand. The airlines considers the implementation of the price skimming strategy in which it decides to sell its services to the customers of the China market at a comparatively lower rate than that offered by its competitors (Wittmer and Douglas 2013). Strategy and Risk Analysis of the Company The market of China in which Air Algerie cargo intends to enter is a highly competitive market and thus sustaining in the market becomes difficult. In addition to that the cultural difference is another risk factor that affects the international marketing of the company. The authorities of the company consider several strategies such as direct exporting, franchising, joining ventures and considering GreenField investment. In the opinion of Budd, Griggs and Howarth (2013), the proper implementation of the strategies helps the organisation to easily enter and sustain in the market of China. Moreover, the market trend of Air Algerie cargo over the last few years indicate that the company has been gaining high profit margin and have a stable financial and market position. The analysis of the company and the market in which it tries to enter is necessary for the company as it helps the potential investors to decide whether it is profitable to invest in the start-up business activity of the company or not. According to Halford (2016), the company should consult its different stakeholders regarding the start-up business plan to understand the strength, weakness, opportunities and threats of the company. The company has a strong brand name and a high market value that will help to sustain in the market. In addition to that the company follows cost effective methods in the workplace that reduces the operational expenses of the company. This further allows the company to achieve the objectives of the price skimming strategies. The company has poor marketing mix strategies that need to be properly addressed before starting up the business. The high market demand provides scope for international marketing in the market of China (Kinnison and Siddiqui 2012). H owever, the changing and the innovation in the technology and the high competition is a threat to the airline. Conclusion The mission and the vision statement of Air Algerie cargo indicate that the start-up plan of the company is achievable if properly implemented and followed. The trend analysis of the company and the current market position of the company infer that the investors are capable of earning higher return from the investment made on this particular project. However, the risk factors and the pros as well as the cons are to be considered by the managers of the company before it tries to enter into the market of China. The identification of the potential risk will allow the managers to consider strategies that will efficiently address the issues of the company and thereby achieve the goals and the objectives. References Budd, L.C., Griggs, S. and Howarth, D. eds., 2013.Sustainable aviation futures(Vol. 4). Emerald Group Publishing Halford, C.D., 2016.Implementing Safety Management Systems in Aviation. Routledge. Kinnison, H.A. and Siddiqui, T., 2012.Aviation maintenance management. Wittmer, A. and Douglas, I., 2013. International Journal of Aviation Management: Challenges in Aviation Management and Regulation.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Should insurable interests be abolished Essay Should insurable involvements be abolished? In this thesis I will ship upon a elaborate rating of the jurisprudence in relation to Ã¢â¬Ëinsurable interests.Ã¢â¬â¢ I shall through analysis of legislative act and case-law describe the current regulations refering to this country of jurisprudence, and shall sketch the advantages and disadvantages of such. Through treatment of the altering fortunes giving rise to insurable involvements I shall so measure whether or non, based upon these analyses, we should get rid of insurable involvement from UK Law. We will write a custom essay sample on Should insurable interests be abolished specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Should insurable interests be abolished specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Should insurable interests be abolished specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The first thing to observe is that historically it has been really hard to place a general regulation to explicate when insurable involvements should use, as there has neer been a general demand for an insured to possess an involvement in the capable affair of an insurance policy. Alternatively specific regulations have been developed for different types of insurance agreements. For illustration, the regulations refering to Life Assurance Policies are set out in the Life Assurance Act 1774, which describes itself as Ã¢â¬Å"An Act for modulating Insurances upon Lives, and for forbiding all such Insurances, except in instances where the Persons sing shall hold an Interest in the Life or Death of the Persons insured, Ã¢â¬ whereas the regulations refering to Marine Insurance policies are governed by the Marine Insurance Act 1906, a codification of the regulations contained in the earlier statutory instruments ; the Marine Insurance Act 1746 and the Marine Insurance Act 1788. Other policies, including liability and belongings insurance are governed by regulations which have been established through common jurisprudence instead than legislative act, but are similar in nature to the regulations contained within the Marine Insurance Act 1906. I shall discourse the assorted different types of Insurance Policy and the particular regulations which govern the demand of insurable involvements in greater deepness subsequently in this essay, but for now I would merely wish to do the point that the deficiency of general regulations refering to insurable involvement topographic points an interesting new dimension to the treatment subject with which we are faced in this essay ; should insurable involvements be abolished wholly, or are their certain types of insurance policies to which they should go on to use? Before we embark on our analysis of the instance jurisprudence and the legislative act refering to insurable involvements, allow us foremost be clear about the nature of the philosophy. The philosophy of insurable involvements precludes those people who have certain types of involvements in the life, liability or belongings to be insured from lawfully buying insurance policies over those involvements. In basic footings, the philosophy of insurable involvements prevents a individual from taking out insurance policies on life, belongings or liabilities in which that individual has no vested involvement or ownership. The principle for this regulation is about axiomatic ; to let person to take out an insurance policy against, for illustration, the devastation of belongings in which he or she does non hold any ownership would be to efficaciously allow such a individual to utilize the insurance system as a method for chancing, the insurance premiums stand foring the exclusive steak, and the pay-out against the devastation of that belongings as the pay-out. R Merkin, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"Gambling by Insurance Ã¢â¬â A Study of the Life Assurance Act 1774 [ 1 ] Ã¢â¬ argues this point persuasively, and points out that such a gambling civilization contravenes the really implicit in aims of the UK insurance system ; it is non a system designed to assist people enrich themselves through bad luck, but instead one which compensates or reimburses for losingss really suffered. Therefore, we may province that one of the cardinal aims of the philosophy of insurable involvements is to continue the insuranc e rule of insurance by forestalling people utilizing insurance as a method for chancing. From this analysis emerges yet another immorality which the philosophy of insurable involvements is obviously trying to forestall ; is person is allowed to see against belongings, life which does non belong to them, so that individual would so hold a vested involvement in the devastation of that belongings. For illustration, if I have taken out insurance against my neighbourÃ¢â¬â¢s ?250,000 house, at an one-year premium of ?500, so if the house was destroyed, so I would efficaciously do a net income of ?249,500. Whilst non everybody would really put about to intentionally destruct others belongings, the potency for utmost net income would surely promote some people to prosecute in this pattern. Therefore another chief aim of the philosophy of insurable involvements is to forestall moral jeopardy ; insurance policies should non make inducements for people to destruct the capable affair of the policy. As mentioned antecedently, the philosophy of insurable involvements was established by 18th century legislative act ; the Life Assurance Act 1746 or the Life Assurance Act 1774. These two legislative acts nevertheless failed to prosecute in a definition of what was meant precisely by an Ã¢â¬Ëinsurable interest.Ã¢â¬â¢ Debate ensued as to whether an insurable involvement should be limited to strictly legal involvements, or whether a Ã¢â¬Ëfactual expectationÃ¢â¬â¢ of an involvement in the belongings would do. The range of this argument can be seen through a comparing of two 18th century instance determinations. The first is the instance of Le Cras v. Hughes 1782 [ 2 ] . The facts of this instance were as follows: A British Captain was appointed Captain of a Spanish vas, which was captured by the British in the war with Spain. Under the Prize Act, the crew of a ship may really, under certain fortunes, be awarded with the rubric of a ship and its goods one time a captured ship returned to England. With this in head, the crew of the ship decided to take out an insurance policy to protect their possible involvement in the ship. On their ocean trip back to England a violent storm destroyed the ship, and as such the Captain and the staying crew tried to claim for the loss of the ship on their insurance policy, but the insurance company refused to pay out on the footing that the legal involvement in the ship had non yet become vested in the Captain as the ship neer managed to return to England in tact. Judge Mansfield, whilst holding with the insurance company that the Captain did non really have a legal anticipation in the vas, still held that the Captain should be able to retrieve. He reasoned that the Captain has acquired what might be described as a Ã¢â¬Ëfactual expectancyÃ¢â¬â¢ based upon the fact that from past experience of English maritime usage whenever a gaining control has been made, since the Revolution ( 1688 ) , by sea or land, the Crown has made a grant and there has been no case to the contrary. Judge Mansfield hence held that the Captain of the ship did in fact possess an insurable involvement and was entitled to be reimbursed for the full cost of the ship by the insurance company: An involvement is necessary, but no peculiar sort of involvement is required. Master Holfold s insurance though non a vested involvement, were held insurable. An agent of awards may see his net incomes though they are in eventuality Some writers see this instance as simply an illustration of the jurisprudence intervening and making a philosophy in order to forestall unfair consequences from happening ; the Captain did non take out a policy for the intents of unfair enrichment, but instead to protect his possible involvement in the vas. The opinion of this instance is non in dispute to the insurance rule of insurance, and hence Judge Mansfield could see no ground why the Captains claim should non be allowed. The philosophy of factual outlook may therefore hold been created to let the tribunals to relinquish the rigorous legal regulations where appropriate, i.e. where the consequence through application of the rigorous legal regulations would non be the most merely in the full fortunes of the instance. This instance may hence be seen as an illustration of judicial pragmatism. On the other side of the coin is the instance of Lucena v. Crawford ( 1805 [ 3 ] ) , a instance that attempted to set up a narrow and stiff legal definition of insurable involvement. The facts of this instance are really similar to those that we have merely discussed supra, but in this instance, Lord Eldon decided that he did non desire to advance the philosophy of factual outlook, but instead make a stiff regulation that would advance a greater grade of legal certainty in instances sing the designation of insurable involvements. Lord Eldon insisted that the being of an insurable involvement must depend upon the being of a legal right, and as the Captain did non hold a legal right to the ship in inquiry, he could non be supported by jurisprudence in his claim against the insurance company. His concluding for this determination was as follows ; if the insurance company who had insured the ship were in a place to be able to see a ship when they did non at that minute in clip have any belongings involvement in that vas, so it would similarly be possible for anyone to see the ship and as such all the jobs of the insurance system being used as a method for chancing would once more originate: ..If they have a right so to see, it seems to me that any individual who is directed to take goods into his warehouse may see If moral certainty be a land of insurable involvement, there are 100s, possibly 1000s, who would be entitled to see. First the dock company, so the dock-master, so the warehouse-keeper, so the porter, so every other individual who to a moral certainty would hold anything to make with the belongings, and of class get something by it. Eldon farther supported his statement by manner of a conjectural analogy: Suppose A be possessed of a ship limited to B in instance A dies without issue ; that A has 20 kids, the eldest of whom is 20 old ages of age ; and B is 90 old ages of age. It is a moral certainty that B will neer come into ownership, yet this is a clear involvement. On the other manus, say the instance of the inheritor at jurisprudence of a adult male who has an estate worth 20,000 a twelvemonth, who is 90 old ages of age ; upon his death-bed intestate, and incapable from incurable madness from doing a will, there is no many who will deny that such an inheritor at jurisprudence has a moral certainty of wining to the estate ; yet the jurisprudence will non let that he has any involvement, or any thing more than a mere outlook. In EldonÃ¢â¬â¢s sentiment hence the former would hold an insurable involvement, whereas the latter would non. And so we can get down to see non merely the aims behind the philosophy of insurable involvements, but besides the practical jobs of making a legal trial which will forestall these aims being breached but that will besides, at the same clip allow those who should, in the fortunes of their instance, be awarded wage from their insurance companies, despite their non holding a rigorous legal involvement in the belongings in inquiry. The inquiry which we must now inquire ourselves is this ; are these aims still of import in the twenty-first Century, and if so, are they so of import that the philosophy of insurable involvements must stay in UK jurisprudence? Let us now examine how the philosophy of insurable involvements has developed since the above instances, with peculiar mention to how the regulations differ for each type of insurance policy ; after all, as touched upon earlier in the essay, there is no general regulation that an insurable involvement is required for every type of insurance policy, and hence there is no ground why our decision must be limited to a yes or no reply as to whether this philosophy should be abolished. In relation to life confidence policies, the jurisprudence insists that the insurance company, i.e. the individual taking out the insurance policy, has an insurable involvement in the life of the insured, i.e. the individual whose life is being insured. Straight off we can see a job with using our earlier definitions of insurable involvement to such state of affairss ; a individual can non purely talking have a legal involvement in the life of another. The jurisprudence in this country nevertheless has developed to merely allow people to take out life confidence policies against either their partner, or any individual who is financially dependent upon the individual taking out the insurance policy. The legal authorization for this limited range is contained in subdivision 1 of the 1774 Life Assurance Act, which provides: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ no insurance shall be made by any individual Ã¢â¬ ¦ on the life or lives of any individual, or on any other event or events whatsoever, wherein the i ndividual or individuals for whose usage, benefit, or on whose history such policy or policies shall be made, shall hold no involvement, or by manner of chancing or wagering: and that every confidence made contrary to the true purpose and significance hereof shall be void and null to all purposes and intents whatsoever.Ã¢â¬ The inquiry which immediately comes to mind is how the jurisprudence can warrant a differentiation between those twosomes who are married and those twosomes that are un-married but are live togethering in a similar manner? After all we can non doubt the fact that a twosome may be in love with one another and be in close propinquity whether married or non, and as such, the same justification for leting married twosomes to see against each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s possible decease must use to those twosomes who are populating together. In relation to Marine Insurance, as mentioned earlier, the jurisprudence is governed by the Marine Insurance Act 1906, a codification of the regulations contained in the earlier statutory instruments ; the Marine Insurance Act 1746 and the Marine Insurance Act 1788. The relevant subdivisions refering to the philosophy of insurable involvements are as follows: Section 4 ( 1 ) of the Act provides that: Ã¢â¬Å"Every contract of Marine insurance by manner of gambling or wagering is void.Ã¢â¬ This subdivision clearly demonstrates that the aims of the philosophy of insurable involvement, as discussed antecedently, were still, in 1906, a great concern to the legislators of the clip. Section 4 ( 2 ) of the Act sets out the state of affairss which will be classed by jurisprudence as Ã¢â¬Ëgambling or wageringÃ¢â¬â¢ : Ã¢â¬Å"A contract of Marine insurance is deemed to be a gambling or beting contract- ( a ) Where the assured has non aninsurable involvementas defined by this Act, and the contract is entered into with nooutlook of geting such an involvement; or ( B ) Where the policy is made Ã¢â¬Å"interest or no involvement, Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"without farther cogent evidence of involvement than the policy itself, Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"without benefit of salvage to the insurance company, Ã¢â¬ or capable to any other similar term: Provided that, where there is no possibility of salvage, a policy may be effected without benefit of salvage to the insurance company. Ã¢â¬ Within this subdivision we can see an incorporation of both the rigorous legal trial of insurable involvement [ as highlighted in bold above ] along with an recognition that a factual outlook will do as an insurable involvement [ in italics above ] . The existent definition of insurable involvement nevertheless is contained in subdivision 5 of the 1906 Act, which provides that: Ã¢â¬Å" ( 1 ) Subject to the commissariats of this Act, every individual has an insurable involvement who is interested in a marine escapade. ( 2 ) In peculiar a individual is interested in a marine escapade where he stands in any legal or just relation to the escapade or to any insurable belongings at hazard therein, in effect of which he may profit by the safety or due reaching of insurable belongings, or may be prejudiced by its loss, or harm thereto, or by the detainment thereof, or may incur liability in regard thereof.Ã¢â¬ And so we can see that one of the differences between the philosophy of insurable involvement in relation to life confidence as opposed to marine insurance is the fact that with the former the insurable involvement must be at the clip of taking out the policy [ 4 ] , whereas with the latter an insurable involvement is merely required at the point of loss [ 5 ] . This opposing point of view does non truly do much rational sense, and non merely supports our earlier unfavorable judgment that the philosophy of insurable involvement should use to life confidence policies between single twosomes, but besides raises a concern as to the anomalous nature of the philosophy and the ensuing deficiency of legal certainty. There are farther anomalousnesss ; the regulations of insurable involvements for insurance insurance policies are non governed by either of the above statute law, but instead through common jurisprudence which has come to the place that for such policies an insurable involvement is required but that such an involvement may be direct or indirect and can be proved through demoing that the individual concerned has suffered a loss [ 6 ] . The regulations of insurable involvement for all other types of insurance policy are governed, albeit indirectly, by Section 18 of the Gaming Act which renders unenforceable Ã¢â¬Å"All contracts or understandings, whether by word or in authorship, by manner of gambling or wagering, shall be void and void.Ã¢â¬ As we can see, the fact that there are different regulations for each type of insurance policy, and the fact that there are disagreements in the application of the philosophy of insurable involvements between each of these different insurance types truly does intend that the jurisprudence in this country is extremely unaccessible, in that the regulations for the application of this philosophy are contained in ancient legislative act and case-law and are non easy to happen, and incoherent, in that there are anomalousnesss such as the one pertaining to the life confidence of un-married twosomes. In portion the anomalousnesss may merely be a consequence of the fact that this philosophy has been developed in a piece-meal manner over a long period of clip, but whatever the grounds the fact is that this is a major unfavorable judgment of the current jurisprudence pertaining to insurable involvements. Waller LJ nevertheless, in the instance of Feasey V Sun Life Assurance Company [ 7 ] , argues that due to the nature of the construct of the philosophy of insured involvements, it impossible to hold the same set of regulations which applies to every type of insurance policy. He said: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ I would propose that it is hard to specify insurable involvement in words which will use in all state of affairss. The context and the footings of a policy with which the tribunal is concerned will be all important. The words used to specify insurable involvement in, for illustration, a belongings context, should non be slavishly followed in different contexts, and words used in a life insurance context where one identified life is the topic of the insurance may non be wholly apt where the topic is many lives and many events. [ 8 ] Ã¢â¬ I would reason that whilst I agree that there good may some cardinal and built-in grounds for using the philosophy of insured involvements otherwise dep ending upon which type of loss is the topic of an insurance policy, greater justification is required if such disagreements are allowed to prevail. Ward LJ, in the same instance did non hold with Waller LJ but instead advocated thatÃ¢â¬Å"for the interest of lucidity and consistence, insurable involvement should bear every bit about as possible the same significance for all classs of insurance.Ã¢â¬ I agree with WardÃ¢â¬â¢s sentiment. These unfavorable judgments aside, the fact is that in pattern the judiciary tend to favor the determination of an insurable involvement in such instances. The ground for this was expressed compactly by Brett MR in the instance of Stock V Inglis ( 1884 ) [ 9 ] : Ã¢â¬Å"In my sentiment it is the responsibility of a Court ever to tilt in favor of an insurable involvement, if possible, for it seems to me that after investment bankers have received the premium, the expostulation that there was no insurable involvement is frequently, every bit about as possible, a proficient expostulation, and one which has no existent virtue, surely non as between the assured and the insurer.Ã¢â¬ Given this go oning desire to see that insurance companies meet their fiscal duties to those people from whom they have accepted insurance premiums, and given the legislatives continued committedness to forbid contracts of gaming and wagering, we must inquire ourselves whether or non the philosophy of insurable involvements has any existent topographic point in out 21stCentury Insurance jurisprudence. Besides, the modern demands of uberrima fides [ utmost good religion ] make impulsive revelation of all relevant material facts known to the insured party a legal demand, and based upon this information it is up to the insurance company to make up ones mind whether they wish to see against the hazard in inquiry, and what premium they require. I do non believe that it is just that an insurance company can hold to see person for a hazard at a certain premium, and so when that hazard materialises into a world the insurance company turn about and decline to do payment on the trifle of defic iency of insurable involvements. On this footing I feel that whilst it may non be necessary to get rid of the philosophy of insurable involvements, alteration is surely required to guarantee that it is non used by insurance companies as a proficient land for equivocation of liability. An interesting statement has been put frontward by Clarke in his 2005 article Policies and Perceptions of Insurance Law in the Twenty-first Century [ 10 ] . He argues that the philosophy of insurable involvement does non function its intent in the manner that it purports to make. He argues that people should be allowed to see against what they choose, be it other people or other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s belongings. He grounds this statement by was of a conjectural illustration: Ã¢â¬Å"If A, for grounds which A knows best, values B s life adequate to pay premiums, why non allow A make so? Why non trust people? Why non swear the constabulary, who will be the first to look at A if B dies all of a sudden, and society at big to see that B is safe from A? Ã¢â¬ This is a really good point ; after all should belongings be destroyed or a individual be killed the constabulary would be the first to ask as to who would profit from such occurrences and this would in most instances point to the perpetrator. What Clarke does non account for in his statement is the fact that if insuring on other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives became a wide-spread commercial world, it may be really hard for the constabulary to place the individual who performed the condemnable harm or slaying, as the perpetrator may be one of a figure within an insurance mob. Despite this, I do empathise with ClarkeÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, and do experience that it would be better to hold a system which was non so randomly restrictive. In decision, I would reason that there surely is a instance for the abolishment of the philosophy of insurable involvements ; the current philosophy and the regulations thereof are really unaccessible, being contained in different and really ancient instance jurisprudence and legislative act, inconsistent [ as between different types of insurance policy ] and in topographic points are unduly restrictive. It can besides be argued that there is no existent demand for the philosophy in 21stCentury insurance jurisprudence, as the contractual demand of uberrima fides coupled with the jurisprudence which prohibit bet oning or beting in such contexts are sufficient to forestall insurance policies being used in such ways without the philosophy of insurable involvements. These are non needfully nevertheless exceptionally strong grounds for get rid ofing this philosophy wholly, but there is no uncertainty that it surely needs reform. The jurisprudence should be clarified, with one regulation which applies to all sorts of insurance policy. Besides, insurance companies should be regulated to a greater grade so that they can non utilize the philosophy as a trifle by which they will seek to avoid paying out on their insurance policies. Bibliography and Mentions Legislative acts: Life Assurance Act 1774 Marine Insurance Act 1906 Marine Insurance Act 1746 Marine Insurance Act 1788 Life Assurance Act 1746 Cases: Le Cras v. Hughes 1782 99 Eng.Rep. 549 ( KB 1782 ) Master Holfold s Lucena v. Crawford ( 1805 ) 127 Eng.Rep. 630 ( 1805 ) 331Dalby 5 India and London Life-Assurance Co ( 1854 ) 15 CB 365 Siu Yin Kwan V Eastern Insurance [ 1994 ] 2 AC 199. Stock V Inglis ( 1884 ) 12 QBD 564 Feasey V Sun Life Assurance Company [ 2002 ] 2 AER ( Comm ) 492 and [ 2003 ] 2 AER ( Comm ) 587 Diaries: R Merkin Ã¢â¬Å"Gambling by Insurance Ã¢â¬â A Study of the Life Assurance Act 1774Ã¢â¬ ( 1980 ) 9 Anglo-American Law Review M A Clarke, Policies and Perceptions of Insurance Law in the Twenty-first Century ( 2005 ) P 38. Leimberg and Gibbons, TOLI, COLI, BOLI, and Insurable Interests An Interview With Michel Nelson, Estate Planning Magazine, Vol. 28, No. 1, July 2001, Pg. 333. Ã¢â¬Å"Insurable Interest in Property: A Socio-Economic Re-evaluation of a Legal ConceptÃ¢â¬ B Harnett, JV Thornton Columbia Law Review, 1948 1
Monday, March 16, 2020
Reached Back Like A Pimp Free Online Research Papers When four teenagers drive to the movies on a Friday night with the music blaring and Ã¢â¬Å"Boyz N the HoodÃ¢â¬ comes onto the radio, it does not matter whether the young adults in the car are black, white, male or female, when it arrives at the line Ã¢â¬Å"reached back like a pimp slapped the hoÃ¢â¬ everyone joins in. Why? Because it is catchy, popular, and as ridiculous as the world has become, the song is cool. No one notices that the singer has become abusive because his girlfriend has said something to annoy him. No one realizes at the time that the singer is intoxicated, because it does not matter. The song is fun, the lyrics well known. Countless young Americans memorize the lyrics to this song and many others because of the constant exposure through popular media, wit the average listening to two hours a day (Martino 430). For some, it is simply music, aural enjoyment while involved in other activities. Others wish to emulate the actions they hear about. Dr. Steven Martino, one of YaleÃ¢â¬â¢s most acclaimed professors of psychiatry, contends that speeding up sexual behavior is a result of exposure to exploitive and suggestive lyrics. He also explains that leaving questionable musical content unchallenged allows the idea of sex to become distorted (RAND). Regardless, when music becomes incredibly popular, the concepts within the music also become popular. Current popular music idealizes the exploitation of women by demoralizing them, provides justification and acceptance of dysfunctional relationships, and motivates young listeners to partake in dangerous relations and/or situations. As a disclaimer, not just current music conveys the message of misogyny. The Rolling Stones have been preaching the message since their earliest songs. In a 1965 song Ã¢â¬Å"She Said YeahÃ¢â¬ Mick Jagger sang Ã¢â¬Å"Come on baby I want to make love to youÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Try a little bit to make my mouth dribbleÃ¢â¬ . Both of these quotes made the message clear of what the song and its singer wanted from women. This issue is not a new one. Society long ago set this standard; Radocy and Boyle, two well-known music psychologists, acknowledge: Ã¢â¬ ¦social influence affects all music preference. Musical preferences are more than an interaction of inherent musical characteristics and individual psychological and social variables. Societal pressures influence preferences. A person making a musical choice considers opinions of other who are significant in his or her life, as well as cultural messages in and about the music (qtd. in Droe 27). Society sets the standard for these types of popular culture. Dr. Janice Killian, a distinguished music professor and researcher from Texas Tech, also examines this tangent when she explains the relation between imitation and perception: The specific characteristics of a model appear to affect an observerÃ¢â¬â¢s tendency to imitate that model. Observers who believe they are similar to the model are more likely to model that behavior (Bandura Walters, 1963); indeed, observer perception of any subject/model similarity can lead the subject to adopt other characteristics of that model (Burnstein, Stotland, Zander, 1961; Stotland, Zander, Natsoulas, 1961). Race and sex are two salient model characteristics that affect observer tendency toward imitation. Imitation of same-sex and same-race models has been noted across such diverse behaviors as infantsÃ¢â¬â¢ responses to strangers (Feiring, Lewis Starr, 1984) (116). This would explain why certain races and/or genders are disproportionately affected by this degrading popular culture. Nonetheless, it is still relevant and is bringing about several negative impacts that are being largely ignored by all races. In much of the popular music, women and their appeal are a common theme. Despite their presence, the ideal that the music expresses portrays them in a less than favorable light. BuckcherryÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Crazy BitchÃ¢â¬ uses offensive lyrics; women are described as only able to ahead by taking off their clothes and keeping their mouths shut. Such behavior was typical before the feminist movement but in modern times can be considered highly offensive. However, the song was ranked number three on U.S. Mainstream Rock Tracks. Songs of this subject matter demoralize women and uphold the patriarch by placing them as lower than men. It is exploitive for women to be viewed as sex objects, created solely for the purpose of male pleasure. As offensive as the lyrics may be, the video certainly drives the message home. Located in a Los Angeles club that has been made to look like a strip club, women are scantily clad, dancing, and expressing bisexual tendencies. The popularity of such music and the common personÃ¢â¬â¢s favorable reaction to seeing these types of videos encourages women to act this way and men to ask them to do so. Musicians do not just express their lower opinions of women in music and videos. For some, it is a way of life. When popular rap artist Snoop Dogg attended the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs), clothing and jewelry were not his only accessories. In each hand he held a leash, and attached to the collars were two young women. Collars and leashes are meant as restraining devices for pets or a way for an owner to control property, one can only assume that Snoop Dogg intended for these two young women accompanying him to be viewed the same way. The VMAs are broadcasted nationally with an enormous audience. Women are exploited by popular music through way of lyrics, videos and the general lifestyle of musicians. As preciously discussed, in the song Ã¢â¬Å"Boyz N the HoodÃ¢â¬ lyrics include a man hitting his girlfriend and then throwing her across the room. The provocation of this was something she had said, making it easy to believe that this was not the first occurrence of abuse. Other popular artists have also discussed physical abuse between women and men. Eminem, a popular rap artist, discussed leaving handprints on a woman in one of his songs. Abuse in relationships is not healthy for anyone involved. However, would a person realize that from popular music? No. Very simply speaking, when a musician speaks of beating their significant other and one never hears about there being negative consequences, its sending a message of approval for that sort of action. Steven Martino offers his valuable experience about teen imitation: This theory would predict that listening to musicians sing about having sex with no unfavorable consequences would lead teens to perceive this behavior as appropriate and desirable, thereby increasing the likelihood that they will imitate the behavior. The likelihood of imitation increases when the model is perceived as attractive or similar to the self. Highly popular music artists can, therefore, serve as especially potent role models for teens (431). Not only does it make it appear to be okay for males to abuse females, but it also makes females feel like its okay for them to be abused. Popular music is now guilty of Ã¢â¬Å"triggering assaults, rapes and homicides all over the place and detonating a national barrage of criticism and controversyÃ¢â¬ (Bennett 1). If it is what is popular and okay in music, listeners will be lead to believe that it is okay in their own lives. The RAND Corporation found explicit lyrics often advance sexual conduct. It is common for those who are less wealthy and less famous to want to be like the famous celebrities. If people cannot have the property and publicity of the stars then it is not unusual to think that they might attempt to act like them. Bennett explains how the blurring of reality and fantasy is an inevitable product of this exposure (2). The dysfunctional relationships of celebrities are recreated in the dysfunctional relationships of their fans. Dysfunctional relationships are unknowingly encouraged by society today, and even humored. Millions of Americans are exposed to the ideas of countless affairs, and annulled marriages in a matter of hours. This same audience gazes on while the common person is abused; abuse can be physical, verbal, or mental. A Harris Poll from earlier this summer gives staggering numbers that have left many stunned. Over 33 million or 15 percent of U.S. adults (which would be anyone over the age of eighteen) admit that they were a victim of domestic violence; even more shocking is the six in ten that admit they know someone who has also personally experienced domestic violence. These statistics prove the seriousness of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s issue of domestic violence, and only a realization of these problems will allow society finally to make a change for the better. It is important to remember that the definition of dysfunctional relationships is not limited to physical abuse. Celebrities are infamous for their short relationships, their even shorter marriages, and their promiscuity. Pop princess, Britney Spears is infamous for hers fleeting loves: her first marriage to childhood sweetheart lasted just 55 hours. K-Fed and Spears have two young children who will now be subjected to the uncomfortable heat of the spotlight. These actions also have an effect on the mass public. Once more, when someone wishes to be the celebrity, he or she has no problem simulating his or her actions. The influence of music does not just degrade women or legitimize dysfunctional relationships. The ideas and morals conveyed through popular music leads to physically dangerous consequences as well. Sex and violence are the subject of the majority of popular songs. Casual sex is looked upon with much enjoyment and violence seen as a necessary means to an end. When these activities are practiced in real life, the consequences last much longer than the three minutes a song lasts. MartinoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory also predicts that a lessening of the exposure to this content could prevent an early onset of sexual misconduct (431). In a Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention study, over five hundred females from the same background were studied over a six-month period. Recording the viewing lengths of rap videos, the participants were surveyed to discover if there was a difference between those with more exposure, and those with less (#). The RAND Corporation has found a direct correlation between music containing questionable content with earlier sexual progression. Females with more exposure were less likely to have their partners wear condoms and were more likely to have gained a new STD. Ã¢â¬Å"Talking with their children about musics sexual content can also give parents a chance to express their own views about sex, and may prompt teens to think more deeply about the ways in which sex is portrayed Ã¢â¬â and perhaps distorted Ã¢â¬â in the music they listen to,Ã¢â¬ Dr. Martino conveyed. Other negative impacts include dangerous behaviors such as the glorification of drugs, an increase in violence and arrests, and a higher rate of pregnancy (Wingood 437). The negative effects are not just dealing with psychological matters. Young adults have pliable minds, and as Martino describes they invent solutions to their problems from societal pressure: Some have argued that, because popular music is such a large part of adolescentsÃ¢â¬â¢ everyday experience, youth cannot be understood without a serious consideration of how music fits into their lives. From music, adolescents gain information about society, social and gender roles, and expected behavior, and they use music to facilitate friendships and social interactions and to help them create a personal identity. It is reasonable to expect, therefore, that the messages conveyed in popular music have significant implications or adolescent socialization and behavior. (431) The ties between music and health risks cannot be easily ignored because of the great effect they have on their listeners. Martino agrees with the assumption that repeated exposure to such gender roles makes them internalized. When four young people are driving to the movies on Friday night, there is no way to prevent them from singing along with the lyrics of the songs on the radio. Perhaps, a better route is to let musicians know that the message they are sending is not appropriate for anyone, of any age. The lyrics they sing should represent a culture that harms no one. Dr. Bell says we should stop creating the negativity that surrounds our children and ourselves. We have to stop glorifying and praising based on music that enslaves and mystifies and destroys. The consequences of common lyrics cannot be compared to that extra thousand records sold. OneÃ¢â¬â¢s choice in music should not lead to them being exploited, abused, or diseased. Music is meant for enjoyment, and just enjoyment. Bennett, Lerone Jr.. Sex Music Has It Gone Too Far: Backlash over Lyrics, Violence and Threat to Young Women grows.Ã¢â¬ Ebony Oct 2002: Droe, Kevin. Music Preference and Music Education: A Review of Literature.Ã¢â¬ UPDATE: Applications of Research in Music Education 24.2(2006): 23-32. Harris Interactive. Ã¢â¬Å"Over Thirty Million Adults Claim to be Victims of Domestic Violence.Ã¢â¬ 06/16/06. . Killian, Janice N.. Effect of Model Characteristics on Musical Preference of Junior High Students.Ã¢â¬ Journal of Research in Music Education 38.2 (1990): 115-123. Martino, Steven C., et al. Exposure to Degrading Versus Nondegrading Music Lyrics and Sexual Behavior Among Youth.Ã¢â¬ Pediatrics. 118.2 (2006): e430-e441. Martino, Steven C., Personal Interview. 20 Nov. 2006. Radocy, Rudolf E., and J. David Boyle. Psychological foundations of musical behavior. 3rd ed. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd, 1979. RAND Corporation. Ã¢â¬Å"RAND Study Finds Adolescents who listen to a great deal of music with degrading sexual lyrics have sex sooner.Ã¢â¬ 11/07/06. . Wingood, G.M., et al. Ã¢â¬Å"A prospective study of exposure to rap music videos and African American female adolescentsÃ¢â¬â¢ health.Ã¢â¬ American Journal of Public Health 93.3 (2006): 437-439 Research Papers on Reached Back Like A PimpHip-Hop is ArtWhere Wild and West MeetEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenRelationship between Media Coverage and Social andResearch Process Part OneIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalThree Concepts of PsychodynamicThe Relationship Between Delinquency and Drug UseAssess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeBringing Democracy to Africa
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Analysing Early Marriage In Egypt Religion Essay Marriage is wonderful event, it bears a lot of meanings such as love, care, and responsibility. Early marriage may look like any other marriage but it has many different consequences. In that paper I will talk about the early marriage in Egypt and in the Middle East explaining its effects on the spouses and their future children. Introduction Marriage is a very happy celebration throughout the world, however, that celebration doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t happen in early marriage cases, there a lot of women that get married while they are still under eighteen years of age, and that happens in many different countries and nations of the world; some parents just force their daughters into marriage in that age to get fortune, titles, or for other social reasons. I believe that early marriage is definitely against all the natural human rights because early marriage will subsequently lead to early pregnancy and early responsibilities that may cause financial or even psychological problems to the parent s. Early marriage doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have only negative effects on the young girl or boy only; it also extends to a series of worse effects on their children and the whole society. The Universal Declaration of Human rights suggests that the Ã¢â¬Å"free and fullÃ¢â¬ right cannot be put into consideration or even discussed if one of the two parties is not able to take decide whether his partner suitable or not because of his lack of experience. There may be many shapes and forms of early marriage and there may be a lot of causes, but the only thing that matters is the impact of that marriage on your child regardless his gender. In that paper I will discuss the early marriage as it deprives the young kids from their childhood, and the effects of that marriage on them and the society as a whole, I will also explain its causes and its relation with poverty, overpopulation and social culture. Review of literature Neglecting the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s rights UNICEF (2001) and Lefevre, Murphy and Qu iroga (2004) have stated that marriage is a lovely event all over the world, it means that each of the partners is ready to share his life with the other one and is ready to bear responsibility, however, early marriage cuts the childhood of the boy or the girl and it takes place when at least one of them is not ready to be responsible even for himself therefore early marriage will just deprive him from his fundamental rights. Otoo-Oyotey and Pobi (2003) confirms that early marriage is usually arranged by the parents and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care about the interest of their child in most of the cases, and those marriages often includes some force elements. Causes of early marriage P.M.Fayez (2006) has stated that parents are forcing their daughters into early marriage because they believe that by doing that they will get social and financial benefits and will reduce their financial burden Matmur (2003) and Nour (2006) have both said that parents would encourage early marriage of their y oung daughters because they see her as a financial burden where one daughter less is one mouth less to be fed